WiFi interface and suricata AF_PACKET IPS mode

Not usual setup can lead to surprise

The 5th of December 2012, I’ve setup suricata in AF_PACKET IPS mode between a WiFi interface and an Ethernet interface. The result was surprising as it was leading to a crash after some time:

The issue was linked with the defrag option of AF_PACKEt fanout. I’ve proposed a patch the 7th Dec 2012 and after a discussion with David Miller and Johannes Berg, Johannes has proposed a better patch which was included in official tree. So the problem is fixed for kernel superior or equal to 3.7.

Affected kernel

Here’s the list of affected kernel:

  • All kernel prior to 3.2.36
  • All 3.3.x kernel
  • All 3.4.x kernel prior to 3.4.25
  • All 3.5.x kernel prior to
  • All 3.6.x kernel prior to 3.6.11

Workaround in Suricata

If you can’t update to a not affected kernel, you can set defrag to no in af-packet configuration to avoid the issue:

  - interface: wlan0
    # In some fragmentation case, the hash can not be computed. If "defrag" is set
    # to yes, the kernel will do the needed defragmentation before sending the packets.
    defrag: no

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